Tuesday, June 29, 2010

Important Rule in Bath Soap Making

Make their own bath soap is the best way for a soap bath with a composition based on what we want to avoid the things we do not because they want some soap-making materials are not beneficial to the health of our skin, these materials has pros and cons so that the effort to select materials soap that is safe and suitable needs to be considered. Through this article you can make little reference to find the ingredients to make make their own soap.

Human efforts to meet the needs of the nearly limitless, requires great support from the environmental carrying capacity and environmental capacity. The bigger the necessary requirements then the greater the impact that will arise.

It has to be realized by all parties, if the control of environmental impacts are not managed well and properly, then suffer the consequences was the man himself, animals, plants and natural surroundings.

Home is a place to live and can also serve as guidance in the household. So, it all matters related to human activities in meeting the needs of life in the household can be expected to be managed properly. Thus, the impact of B3 waste, especially soaps and detergents in the household can be managed properly, so that everyone has an equal right to good environment and healthy would be realized.

About Soap

Soap was first discovered by the Arabs in the 19th century, basically made from mixing processes (Safonifikasi) caustic soda with vegetable oils (plant oils) or animal oil (oil derived from animal fats). Given the nature of soap that is derived from the natural material, the user community that consume hardly any soap such as an allergic disorder or damage to the skin. Soap as a cleaning agent which is a liquid or solid, can be used for bathing, washing clothes, or household cleaning equipment.

Because the mass industrial demand for inexpensive products, bath soap in the market using basic materials SLS (Sodium Lauryl Sulfate), SLS is the ingredient used to make detergents. SLS is also called surfactants (cleaning agents).

About Detergents

As the other cleaning materials, detergents is the fruit of technological progress that utilize a byproduct of chemicals from petroleum refineries, plus other chemicals such as phosphate, silicate, coloring, and perfuming ingredient. Around 1960s, the early generation detergents appear to use chemical surface activator (Surfactant) Alkyl Benzene Sulphonate (ABS) that is able to produce foam. However, due to the difficult nature of the ABS decomposed by microorganisms in the soil surface, eventually replaced by the compound "Linear Alkyl Methyl ester sulfonates (LAS) are believed to be relatively more familiar with the environment.

In many countries around the world have banned the use of ABS and replaced with the LAS. While in Indonesia, the regulations concerning the prohibition of the use of ABS is still outstanding. Several reasons are still used in ABS detergent products, among others because it's cheap, its stability in the form of cream / pasta and abundant bubbles.

Chemical Ingredients in Detergents

Compared with soap, detergents have the advantage, among others, has a better washing power and is not affected by water hardness. In general, detergents contain the following ingredients:

Surfactant. Surfactant (surface active agent) is a surface-active substances that have a distinct edge that is hydrophilic (water loving) and hydrophobic (like fat). Surfactants are surface active substances including organic chemicals. He has a chemical chain that is difficult to degrade (described) nature. The active ingredient is functioning lower the surface tension of water so it can remove dirt on the surface of the material, or the technical term, it serves as an emulsifier, this chemical is toxic (poisonous) when inhaled, absorbed through the skin or ingested. Broadly speaking, there are four categories of surfactants are:

• anionic:

• Alkyl Benzene Sulfonate (ABS)

• Linear Alkyl Benzene Sulfonate (LAS)

• Alpha Olein Sulfonate (AOS)

• cationic: Ammonium Salts

• Non-ionic: Nonyl phenol polyethoxyle

• Amphoterik: Acyl Ethylenediamines

Builder. Builder (forming) works to increase the efficiency of washing of the surfactant with how to disable and cause water hardness minerals.

• Phosphate: Sodium Tri Poly Phosphate (STPP)

• Acetate:

• Nitriles Tri acetate (NTA)

• Ethylene Diamine Tetra acetate (EDTA)

• Silicate: Zeolite

• Citric: Citric Acid

Filler. Filler (filler) is a detergent additives that do not have the ability to increase the power washing, but increase the quantity. For example sodium sulfate.

Additive. Additive material is a supplement / addition to making the product more attractive, such as perfume, solvents, bleach, dye, etc., are not directly related to power wash detergent. Additives added more to the purpose of commercialization of the product. Enzymes example, borax, sodium chloride, carboxy Methyl Cellulose (CMC)

Use Soap and Detergent

The use of soap as a cleaning agent diluted with water in mountainous areas or swamp the former residential areas often do not produce foam. It is caused by the nature of soap that will not produce foam when dissolved in hard water (water containing certain metals or lime),. However, the use of detergent with water that is hard, will still produce an abundant foam.

Soap or detergent dissolved in water in the washing process, the emulsion will form along the dirt that will be wasted when flushing. But there was mistakenly think that the more abundant foam will make laundry soap water will be cleaner. Foam with a large surface area can indeed absorb dirt dust, but with the presence of surfactant, the cleaning could be done without the need for foam.

Deliberately formed opinion that the foam showed abundant labor resources detergent is misleading. Thus, the washing process does not depend on whether there is any foam or less and the amount of foam produced. These detergent cleaning power can be increased if the laundry is heated because the power of enzymes and bleach would work effectively. However, washing with hot water will cause clothing colors to fade. So for colored clothes, you should not use the water warm / hot.

Use detergent also often cause new problems, especially for users who have a sensitive nature. Detergent users may experience skin irritation, skin rash, or hotter skin feels after using detergent.

Generally, the anionic detergent added other additives (builder) such as:

• Group of ammonium kuartener (alkyldimetihylbenzyl-ammonium cloride, diethanolamine / DEA). Please note, these chemicals often used in body care cleaning products to maintain the pH (acidity) formula. Can cause allergic reactions, eye irritation, dryness, and toxic if used in a long time. Carcinogenic substances have been banned in Europe but is still found in cosmetic formulas.

• chlorinated trisodium phospate (chlorinated TSP). This chemical is carcinogenic.

• Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS). These chemicals can alter the immune system (immune) and causing damage to the eye, gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, lungs and skin. Commonly found in foaming products for body care. Maybe registered as a component of semi-natural product which claimed to come from coconut oil.

• Sodium laureth sulfate (SLES),. When combined with other materials, these chemical substances to form nitrosamines, and has the effect of carcinogens on the body. Necessary caution against semi-natural product which claimed to come from coconut oil.

• Linear alkyl benzene Sulfonate (LAS). This chemical is also carcinogenic.

Impact of Use of Soap and Detergent For Health and Environment

• Group kuartener ammonium compounds that can form nitrosamines. Nitrosamines are carcinogenic compounds known, can cause cancer.

• Compounds SLS, SLES or LAS easily react with ammonium compounds kuartener group, such as the DEA to form nitrosamines earlier. Not only that, SLS is known to cause irritation to the skin, slow healing and cause cataracts in the eyes of adults.

• LAS relatively easily degraded by microorganisms than the ABS. LAS can be degraded up to 90 percent. But that does not mean the problem is completed. LAS also need a process. So at the end of the chemical chain must be broken. O-mega bond be broken and in need of the process of beta oxidation. Because it takes time.

• According to the study, nature takes nine days to unravel the LAS. Even then only up to 50 percent. Seeing that today many households simply discard the remaining laundry without previous wastewater treatment, it is expected to degrade natural.

• Before removed and mixed with raw water, laundry wastes require complicated processing. In order for detergent compound decomposes, the waste must get enough ultraviolet light and were deposited about three weeks. Hence, countries that permit the use of LAS on average already has an adequate water treatment systems.

• The process of decomposition of detergent will produce a residual benzene, which when reacted with chlorine to form compounds klorobenzena very dangerous. Contact benzene and chlorine is very likely to occur in drinking water treatment, considering the uses of chlorine (which it contains chlorine) as a germ killer on the chlorination process.

• Currently, the water treatment plant owned by PAM and also installation of industrial waste water treatment technologies that have not been able to treat wastewater in a perfect detergent.

• The use of phosphates in detergents as a builder needs to be revisited, given this compound may be one cause of the process of eutrophication (excessive nutrient enrichment) on the river / lake that is characterized by explosive growth of algae and water hyacinth caused silting rivers. Sign the death knell for the life of the river dwellers.

• In some European countries, the use of phosphate has been banned and replaced with substitute compounds that are relatively more environmentally friendly.

• The use of detergents may have a health and environmental risks. The most mild detergent risk in humans in the form of irritation (hot, itchy and even peeling) on the skin especially in areas in direct contact with the product.

• This is because most of the detergent products which currently have an outstanding degree of acidity (pH) high. In conditions of irritation / injured, let alone the use of products containing fragrance dulcify precisely will create more severe skin irritation.

• Bath soap scum or waves indeed produce too much foam. Formula soda ash or detergents are recognized reliably clean the dirt in the skin of the body. But, if used in advance, the natural oils on your face will go on. Even soap can leave residue on the skin surface drying. And this can accelerate the lines and wrinkles appear faster to the surface.


Green our environment, also needs cleaning, what's the point if we care about the environment, but our house dirty mess? The reason that usually arises is because the cleaning agent which is usually environmentally unfriendly, even dangerous for the environment.

Do not forget to remind, notice is always the product material composition of detergent and soap you, or other cleaning products to ensure that the products you use safe. Find and hold information about the chemical substances destroyer of health and the environment, and disseminate such information to others.

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